'''James Legge''' (; 20 December 181529 November 1897) was a Scottish sinologist
, missionary, and scholar, best known as an early and prolific translator of Classical Chinese texts into English. Legge served as a representative of the London Missionary Society
in Malacca and Hong Kong (1840–1873) and was the first Shaw Professor of Chinese|Professor of Chinese
at Oxford University
(1876–1897). In association with Max Müller
he prepared the monumental ''Sacred Books of the East
'' series, published in 50 volumes between 1879 and 1891.